How to create a test plan for software testing (2023)

When developing new software, it is important to subject it to rigorous testing. It improves ITsecurityand helps identify problems.

As a software developer, the goal is to make the testing process as easy as possible. This ensures that the software can be brought to market quickly. However, the more complex the software, the longer the test takes.

This article covers the definition, goals, and creation of a test plan.

What is a software test plan?

A test plan is a document that establishes the scope, focus, and schedule of planned testing activities. The test plan can also list the features that the software tester needs to function effectively.

The test plan usually contains the following information:

1. The overall goal of the testing effort.
2. A detailed description of how the tests will be performed (the test approach).
3. The function, application, or component to be tested.
4. Detailed schedules and resource allocation plans for testers and developers at all stages of testing.

What are the goals of a software testing plan?

The main purpose of a test plan is to create documentation that describes how the tester will verify that the system is working as intended. The document should describe what needs to be tested, how it is tested, and who is responsible for it.

Writing a test plan allows all team members to work together and communicate their roles to each other. You should consider creating some SMART goals for your test plan.

How to create a test plan for software testing (1)

(Video) How to create test plan document from Scratch - Software Testing Training - Rahul

What is a test case?

A test case is documentation created by the software tester that contains detailed information about what the test is intended to achieve. It is an essential part of recording information about testing activities and results.

Test cases are used in conjunction with test plans. A test case must contain the following information.

1. A unique name or number to identify you.
2. The functions, applications or components covered by the test case.
3. Specific data values ​​needed to test input fields and button controls.
4. The expected results of the actions performed during the test (the expected result).
5. A description of the actual results after each action taken during the test (the actual result).
6. An indication of whether the test case was successful or not.
7. Errors Detected.

How important is a test plan?

A test plan is the foundation of any testing effort. It helps determine how the software will be tested, what specifically will be tested, and who will conduct the testing. By creating a clear test plan that all team members can follow, everyone can work together effectively.

If you arecreate an applicationor develop open source software, a test plan is essential to deliver the end result.

A quality plan will help you identify areas of risk, sequence testing activities, and allocate resources efficiently. The test plan becomes a useful reference document that can be referenced throughout the product development cycle.

How to create a test plan for software testing (2)

How to keep your audience in mind when creating a test plan

Before you start creating your test plan, you need to identify your target customers and ensure their needs are met. This increases the quality of your test plan tenfold.

Here are the key things to make sure your test plan is:

(Video) Test Plan in Software Testing | Software Testing | SoftwaretestingbyMKT

  • Concise.Your test plan should not have more than one bulleted page.
  • Organized.Make sure all information is grouped logically.
  • Readable.The document should be easy to read and avoid jargon as much as possible.
  • Flexible.Your test plan should be adaptive, not immutable. You want to create documentation that doesn't interrupt you when new information emerges or changes are needed.
  • To need.Make sure all the information you entered is correct.

How to write a test plan

This could be the first job in your lifeSoftware developer resume, and if so, you may need a cheat sheet to successfully write your first test plan.

Luckily we are here for you. This section contains 14 essential things to include in your software testing planquality control process.

1) Know the software

Before testing begins, it is important to learn as much as possible about the software. Ask questions about how it was designed to understand its purpose, how it works, and provide information that can help you understand its functionality.

By properly understanding your software, you can create relevant and useful test cases to test your product.

2) Define the scope of the tests

There is no point in creating test documents that are larger than the product itself. First, establish exactly what will be tested during the process, which modules or features should be covered in detail, and what other basics you need to know.

3) Create test cases

One of the main tasks in developing a software test document is the creation of test cases. A test case is a document that describes the steps to be taken to run your test. You must provide information such as:

  • What needs to be tested
  • How is it tested?
  • Who will conduct the tests
  • expected results

Here is a simple worksheet for setting up test cases:

How to create a test plan for software testing (3)

4) Develop a testing strategy

The test strategy defines how you want to implement the tests. All of your testers need to work to the same plan, so make sure each team member knows what they should be doing at all times.

(Video) Test Plan : Is It Mandatory to Create Test Plan?

5) Define the purpose of the test

Each test case must be linked to a test objective. Purpose ensures that every action is relevant and helps make your software more valuable to customers. Test objectives can include things like:

  • Test of Known Properties
  • Test newly implemented functions
  • Conducting exploratory tests.
  • Ensuring stability throughout the product life cycle

6) Select Test Tools

You have to make sure you have the rightsoftware testing solutionto perform your testing activities. Some of these tools may be software based while others require physical resources such as testing machines. It's important to choose the right tools for each specific task and not to rely on a one-size-fits-all solution.

7) Find bugs early

Schedule time for “troubleshooting” sessions in your planning document. This allows you to identify problems with the software before they become too annoying or expensive to fix. This makes them easier and cheaper to handle. look at someoneApplication Security Measures, use all the features and look for what isn't working well.

8) Define your test criteria

This should be part of the test case, but it's good to split it up separately. Test criteria are essentially your goals broken down into smaller pieces. They contain specific information about how each objective is being achieved and help you track the progress of your tests.

Suspension criteria are criteria that must be met before the test can be aborted. For example, you might want to pause testing when a certain number of errors are found or when the software fails to run due to performance issues.

Exit criteria are criteria that must be met before the test is completed. For example, the test case should end after each goal is met and all bugs are fixed.

9) Resource Planning

Include a resource plan with your software testing document that lists the number of people needed for the testing process. It should detail each person's role and any training required to effectively fulfill that role.

How to create a test plan for software testing (4)

10) Plan your test environment

In your test plan, include information about the environment in which the test will take place, e.g. e.g.:

(Video) Test Plan - Test Plan Template Test Plan Document Test Plan Sample

  • Test hardware required to test the product.
  • Sizing requirements for software and servers.
  • Platforms supported by the product.
  • Other important environmental information that may affect your testing process.

11) Planning of test equipment logistics

Test management is one of the most important parts ofimplementation process🇧🇷 If you can't communicate effectively with your testers, your progress will suffer and your test document won't be as useful as it could be.

12) Plan and estimate

Add a timeline to your test plan, which you can use to outline specific test milestones and timelines. Milestones can be the initial product launch, internal testing sessions, public beta testing, or other key times when your team needs to focus their testing efforts.

13) Test Results

Your test document should include a list of all deliverables required for the test. They should be linked to milestones in your agenda so everyone knows exactly when to be up and running.

14) Test Automation

If your software is particularly complex and requires a large number of test cases, you should think about itAutomation of software tests.

Automating the process means testers can do more in less time, increase productivity, and significantly reduce overall testing costs. You might even be able to use amobiles Robotsspeed up testing activities.

How to create a test plan for software testing (5)


A solid test plan is an important partSummary of the development project🇧🇷 Your test document should be transparent, concise, and flexible, adapting to changes in your programming or environment.

This ensures that everyone on your team is working towards the same goal and nothing is lost along the way.


What are the 5 most important components in test plan? ›

A test plan's five most crucial elements are the test strategy, objectives, schedule, estimates, and deadlines.

What is the basic format of the test plan? ›

The test plan conveys how the test will be performed. This includes defining test objectives, test approach, test tools, test environment, test schedules and team responsibilities and composition.

How do I create a test plan in Jira? ›

To create a Test Plan:
  1. Navigate to Project > Test Management > Test Plans.
  2. Click +.
  3. In the Details section, complete all fields added to the screen. ...
  4. Navigate to Test Cases.
  5. Click Add Test Case. ...
  6. Select Test Cases.
  7. Click Add. ...
  8. Click Create.
4 Aug 2021

How do you write a test plan for a given scenario? ›

However, every test case can be broken down into 8 basic steps.
  1. Step 1: Test Case ID. ...
  2. Step 2: Test Description. ...
  3. Step 3: Assumptions and Pre-Conditions. ...
  4. Step 4: Test Data. ...
  5. Step 5: Steps to be Executed. ...
  6. Step 6: Expected Result. ...
  7. Step 7: Actual Result and Post-Conditions. ...
  8. Step 8: Pass/Fail.
27 May 2021

What makes a good test plan? ›

A good test plan clearly defines the testing scope and its boundaries. You can use requirements specifications document to identify what is included in the scope and what is excluded. Make a list of 'Features to be tested' and 'Features not to be tested'. This will make your test plan specific and useful.

What 3 things make a test a good test? ›

Roy Osherove adds that good tests have three fundamental properties: maintainable, trustworthy and readable.

What are the four steps in writing a good test plan? ›

Components of a Test Plan
  • Scope: Details the objectives of the particular project. ...
  • Schedule: Details start dates and deadlines for testers to deliver results.
  • Resource Allocation: Details which tester will work on which test.
  • Environment: Details the nature, configuration, and availability of the test environment.
19 Jun 2020

How do I create a test plan in Excel? ›

How to create a test plan template in Excel
  1. Choose a layout. ...
  2. Add test strategy information. ...
  3. Add fields for test identification. ...
  4. Add fields for test designer and executor. ...
  5. Add fields for steps. ...
  6. Add fields for expected and actual results. ...
  7. Add fields for test status. ...
  8. Add fields for preconditions and dependencies.
17 Mar 2022

What is a software test plan? ›

A test plan is a document detailing the objectives, resources, and processes for a specific test for a software or hardware product. The plan typically contains a detailed understanding of the eventual workflow.

What is test script in test plan? ›

A test script is a set of instructions that are intended to test if the functionality of the software works properly. The test script is part of automation testing, when the team executes an automated test it's based on a specific test script.

What is test plan and test strategy with example? ›

Test Strategy vs Test Plan
Test PlanTest Strategy
A test plan for software project can be defined as a document that defines the scope, objective, approach and emphasis on a software testing effortTest strategy is a set of guidelines that explains test design and determines how testing needs to be done
7 more rows
2 Dec 2018

What is test plan in Scrum? ›

The test plan isn't just a plan; it's a work agreement between QA, product management, and development on what a story means and how it functions. The work agreement describes what the story means and how it's tested between development and QA. It verifies understanding and provides application documentation.

How do you write a test plan interview question? ›

Test Planning Interview Questions and Answers
  1. What is Test Planning? ...
  2. What is Test Plan? ...
  3. What is IEEE Test Plan Template? ...
  4. What are the important tasks in the Test Planning stage? ...
  5. What are the reference documents for Test Planning? ...
  6. What is the Output of the Test Planning phase? ...
  7. How Test Lead defines Test Lab Setup?
1 Sept 2021

How many test cases can be written in a day? ›

40) How many test cases can we review per day? It would be around 7 test cases we write so that we can review 7*3=21 test cases. And we can say that 25-30 test case per day.

How do I prepare for a 30 minute test? ›

Here's how to make the most of your cram session and study for your test in an hour or less.
  1. Find a Quiet Study Space.
  2. Review Your Study Guide.
  3. Crack Open the Textbook.
  4. Review Notes, Quizzes and Assignments.
  5. Quiz Yourself.
  6. Write Down Your Mnemonic Devices.
  7. Ask the Teacher for Help.
11 Sept 2018

What are the 10 rules for test taking? ›

  • Ten Tips for Test Taking.
  • Come prepared; arrive early for tests.
  • Stay relaxed and confident.
  • Be comfortable, but alert.
  • Preview the test (if it is not timed)
  • Answer the test questions in a strategic order.
  • When taking a multiple choice test, know when to guess.
  • When taking essay tests, think before you write.

What are 3 test strategies? ›

Test Taking Strategies
  • Attend class regularly.
  • Avoid cramming spread out study sessions days or weeks before the test; you will have less stress.
  • Organize your study area to reduce interference. ...
  • Summarize notes for studying. ...
  • Study from old tests if allowed by the professor.

What are 5 test taking skills? ›

Survey the entire test prior to taking the exam. Take a few deep breaths and relax tense muscle - repeat throughout the test. Read directions carefully - ask questions. Answer easier questions first - this will help calm you down.

What are the 6 common test techniques? ›

The common test techniques are: multiple choice, Yes/No and True/False, short answer, gap filling items.

What are the 6 types of tests? ›

Six types of assessments are:
  • Diagnostic assessments.
  • Formative assessments.
  • Summative assessments.
  • Ipsative assessments.
  • Norm-referenced assessments.
  • Criterion-referenced assessments.
24 Sept 2021

What is test planning in STLC? ›

Test Planning in STLC is a phase in which a Senior QA manager determines the test plan strategy along with efforts and cost estimates for the project. Moreover, the resources, test environment, test limitations and the testing schedule are also determined. The Test Plan gets prepared and finalized in the same phase.

What is test plan in software testing PDF? ›

<<The Test Plan document focuses on the testing scope (issues/enhancements, functionality to-be-tested, testing types, data validation) testing schedule, resources and test environment. The test plan will define the overall approach, activities and responsibility for testing the application.

What are test plans in Jira? ›

Test Plan is a standard issue type. You can configure fields in the same way as for any native issue in Jira. In addition, you can also configure a different issue type as a Test Plan. An additional issue type as Test Plan will behave as a standard Test Plan.

What are the types of test plan? ›

Types of Test Plans

Level-specific test plans – unit, integration, system, and acceptance test plans. Type-specific test plans – functional test plan, performance test plan, usability test plan, automation test plan, etc. Master Test Plan – a comprehensive QA Test Plan.

What is a test plan introduction? ›

Typically, a test plan identifies the requirements, risks, test cases, the test environments to test, the business and quality objectives, the test schedules, and other items.

What are the 7 steps of software testing? ›

Let's dig into these sequential phases of the software testing life cycle:
  • Requirement analysis.
  • Test planning.
  • Test case design and development.
  • Test environment setup.
  • Test execution.
  • Test cycle closure.
31 Aug 2021

What is test plan Summary? ›

Typically, a test plan identifies requirements, risks, test cases, the test environments to be tested, business and quality objectives, test schedules, and other items. Related test plans can be grouped together in a nested master-child relationship.

What are the 5 testing methods? ›

There are many different types of testing, but for this article we will stick to the core five components of testing:
  • 1) Unit Tests. ...
  • 2) Integration/System Tests. ...
  • 3) Functional Tests. ...
  • 4) Regression Tests. ...
  • 5) Acceptance Tests.
6 Jun 2017

How do you create a test plan explain the steps? ›

Creating a Test Plan involves the following steps:
  1. Product Analysis.
  2. Designing Test Strategy.
  3. Defining Objectives.
  4. Establish Test Criteria.
  5. Planning Resource Allocation.
  6. Planning Setup of Test Environment.
  7. Determine test schedule and estimation.
  8. Establish Test Deliverables.
19 Jun 2020

What is the 4 steps for constructing a test? ›

Selecting appropriate item types.
  • Determining the Objectives of Testing:
  • Preparing Test Specifications:
  • (i) Preparing the Test Items:
  • (ii) Preparing Instruction for the Test:
  • (iii) Preparing the Scoring Key:
  • (a) Administration of the test:
  • (b) Scoring the test:
  • (a) Item analysis:

What are the 7 principle of testing? ›

The seven principles of testing
  • Testing shows the presence of defects, not their absence. ...
  • Exhaustive testing is impossible. ...
  • Early testing saves time and money. ...
  • Defects cluster together. ...
  • Beware of the pesticide paradox. ...
  • Testing is context dependent. ...
  • Absence-of-errors is a fallacy.

What are 3 good test taking strategies? ›

Take a few deep breaths and relax tense muscle - repeat throughout the test. Read directions carefully - ask questions. Answer easier questions first - this will help calm you down. Manage your time and keep an eye on the clock.

What is a good test plan? ›

A good test plan clearly defines the testing scope and its boundaries. You can use requirements specifications document to identify what is included in the scope and what is excluded. Make a list of 'Features to be tested' and 'Features not to be tested'. This will make your test plan specific and useful.

What are the 4 levels of testing? ›

There are four main stages of testing that need to be completed before a program can be cleared for use: unit testing, integration testing, system testing, and acceptance testing.

What is the first step in designing a test? ›

The first step of the test cycle is designing your test. Here you formulate your learning objectives, your purposes of testing, and you make your test plan to check if your assessment program is in line with your learning objectives and your teaching activities.

How do you create a test question? ›

Creating objective test questions

Word questions clearly and simply, avoiding double negatives, idiomatic language, and absolutes such as “never” or “always.” Test only a single idea in each item. Make sure wrong answers (distractors) are plausible. Incorporate common student errors as distractors.

How do I study for a test concept? ›

  1. Understand the concepts. Make sure you understand the concepts first before you memorize them.
  2. Start with the hard stuff. Use the stoplight approach if you are having problems applying or understanding key concepts.
  3. Create colour-coded flashcards.
24 Nov 2022

What are the six categories of tests? ›

Six types of assessments are:
  • Diagnostic assessments.
  • Formative assessments.
  • Summative assessments.
  • Ipsative assessments.
  • Norm-referenced assessments.
  • Criterion-referenced assessments.
24 Sept 2021

What are the 3 purposes of concept testing? ›

Concept testing helps you eliminate bad ideas.

As a result, you'll save your organization time, prevent financial losses, and protect your relationship with customers.


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